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Introduction

There are several types of plastics which are used for FDM printing. In Makerspace, we only use PLA to avoid clogging on the nozzle and toxic gases that some other material releases when printing.

If you want to use any other material than PLA on our printer, you must contact Team Makerspace with a good reason.

PLA

  • the recommended standard material
  • more information: Simplify 3D
  • made from corn starch and other renewable resources
  • softens already at 60 °C (inside a hot car in summer...)
  • slowly becomes brittle in sunlight
  • available locally in Uppsala at Clas Ohlson and Kjell & Co as well as diverse online sellers
  • make sure to use 1.75 mm diameter filament - 3 mm filament will not fit our printers
  • first guess print settings:
    • nozzle at 210 °C
    • print bed at 60 °C
    • print speed 60 mm/s

Wood PLA

  • PLA mixed with 5-40% fine wood fibers
  • filament absorbs moisture very easily and may need to be dried before use
  • 3D-printed parts smells and feels like wood - the perfect material for printing Groot
  • same printing settings as PLA, but a high chance of clogging during print
  • should not be used without permission from Team Makerspace
  • recommended nozzelsize is 1 mm (in Maerspace we have 0.6mm)

Nylon

  • very tough and durable

  • filament absorbs moisture very easily and may need to be dried before use

  • prone to warping when printing

  • produces toxic fumes when printing

  • requires all metal hot end on printer

  • should not be used without permission from Team Makerspace

  • first guess print settings:

    • nozzle at 250 °C

    • print bed at 80 °C

    • print speed 30 mm/s

    • fan speed 0%

ABS

  • was the most common printing material just a few years ago
  • difficult to print, produces toxic fumes
  • extremely prone to warping and layer separation during printing in case of air flows in the room
  • should not be used without permission from Team Makerspace
  • first guess print settings:
    • nozzle at 240 °C
    • print bed at 80 °C
    • print speed at 50 mm/s
    • fan speed 100%

PETG

  • essentially the material of your standard PET bottle
  • more information: Simplify 3D
  • higher mechanical and thermal resilience than PLA
  • should not be printed on a glass bed!
  • should not be used without permission from Team Makerspace
  • first guess print settings:
    • nozzle at 240 °C
    • print bed at 80 °C
    • print speed 30 mm/s
    • fan speed 0%

Ninjatek Cheetah

  • a flexible TPU-based material
  • more information: Ninjatek Printing Guidelines
  • found in smartphone shells
  • tested to quite a limited degree at MakerSpace
  • needs very slow speeds when used with our kind of extruder
  • should not be used without permission from Team Makerspace
  • print settings:
    • nozzle at 240 °C
    • print bed at 60 °C
    • print speed max 20 mm/s
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